e hënë, 14 janar 2008







Botox, also known as Botulinum Toxin Type A, is the brand name of a cosmetic treatment that temporarily diminishes facial lines (wrinkles) between the eyebrows and in other areas. It is a sterile, purified form of the Clostridium botulinum, bacteria that contains the toxin that causes food poisoning. According to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Botox was the leading nonsurgical cosmetic procedure among both men and women in 2006.
Facial lines are the result of muscle movement (e.g., frowning, squinting) over time. When Botox is injected into facial lines, it temporarily reduces the contractions of the underlying muscles, which, in turn, reduces the appearance of wrinkles.
Botox injections are increasingly being administered by non-medical practitioners. However, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that patients interested in receiving Botox consult a qualified physician (often a dermatologist) because results can vary according to practitioner. The physician will compile a complete medical history, including a list of current medications and allergies, to determine if the patient is a good candidate for Botox injections.
Acetaminophen/butalbital/caffeine has not been approved for use in children younger than 12 years of age.
The issue of drugs can be very confusing to young children. If drugs are so dangerous, then why is the family medicine cabinet full of them? And why do TV, movies, music and advertising often make drug and alcohol use look so cool?
We need to help our kids to distinguish fact from fiction. And it's not too soon to begin. National studies show that the average age when a child first tries alcohol is 11; for marijuana, it's 12. And many kids start becoming curious about these substances even sooner. So let's get started!
Listen carefully
Student surveys reveal that when parents listen to their children's feelings and concerns, their kids feel comfortable talking with them and are more likely to stay drug-free.
Role play how to say "no"
It is important that patients fully comprehend the capabilities and limitations of Botox so they do not have unrealistic expectations going into the procedure. Although Botox can temporarily relax facial lines, it cannot actually erase them.
Before Botox injections are administered, the patient is placed in a slightly raised position on an examination table. The injection sites are cleansed with a nonalcoholic solution, and a topical anesthetic or cold pack may be applied to the skin. The physician then injects the Botox directly into the muscles that cause the facial lines in a predetermined pattern. If a site appears to bleed after injection, pressure may be applied to the affected area.
Botox injection typically causes minimal discomfort, and the entire procedure takes approximately 10 minutes. Results of Botox are typically apparent within three to 10 days of the procedure. Although some individuals with deeper facial lines may require two or three Botox sessions in close proximity, many patients achieve satisfying results in a single session that may last as long as 120 days, according to the FDA.












Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist
One of the areas worth noting is the decline in steroid use among our nation’s youth. Since 2001, there has been a statistically significant decrease of 33 percent among 8th, 10th and 12th graders who have reported past month use of steroids and a 45 percent decrease in past year use over the same period. licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.






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